Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Rudolf m. Old Saxon hrōth, Old High German hruod 'fame' + Old High German wolf, Gothic wulf 'wolf'.

The name of an 11th C king of Arles, a 13th C king of Germany, a 13th C duke of Austria, a 14th C king of Bohemia and Poland, a 14th C duke of Austria, and a 16th C Holy Roman emperor.

The name is sometimes confused with forms of Ralph, of similar etymology.

Austria
Latin
935 Ruodolf (nom) UrkStyria 21; 1074x1087 Rudolfi (gen) ibid. 77; c1100 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 89, Ruodolf (nom) ibid. 89; c1115 Ruodolf (nom) ibid. 101; c1120 Roͮdolfus (nom) ibid. 104, Rvͦdolf (nom) ibid. 105; c1125 Rudolf (nom) ibid. 115; c1128 Roͮdolf (nom) ibid. 118a, Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 120; 1277? Rvdolfus (nom) FRA-XXXL 354
Early New High German
1363 Rudolf (nom) ChronSH p. 7; 1384 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 26; 1385 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 26; 1387 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 27; 1389 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 27; 1390 Ruedolff (nom) ibid. p. 27; 1391 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 27; 1392 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 28; 1397 Ruedolff (nom) ibid. p. 28; 1399 Ruedolff (nom) ibid. p. 29; 1439 Ruedolf (nom) ibid. p. 32
Belgium
Latin
1050 Rodulfus (nom) CRS-2-5 p. 232; 1110 Rodulfus (nom) CartStBert 4; 1119 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 8; 1147 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 16; 1151 Rodulfum (acc) ibid. 17, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 17
Middle Dutch
1336 Roedolfs (gen) RSG1336-39 p. 31
Czech Republic
Latin
1387 Rudolfus (nom) LDFPUP1 p. 14
Denmark
Danish
1581 Rolluff KD-1 no. 362
Estonia
Middle Low German
1425 Roleff BbRT p. 350; 1428 Roleff ibid. p. 352
France
Latin
814 Rodulfus (nom) StVdM-II G13; c823 Rodulfus (nom) irminon-vol2 94, Ved; 933x1000 Rodulfo (abl) St-Barnard-Romans no. 148; 937x993 Rodulfi (gen) CartSavII 1; 989 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 105; 993x1000 Rodulfo (abl) St-Barnard-Romans no. 89; 993x1032 Rodulfo (abl) ibid. no. 82; 994 Rodulfi (gen) CartSavII 7; c1000 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 172; 11thC Rodulfus (nom) StVdM-II 720; 1013 Rodulfo (abl) CartSavII 8; 1014 Rodulphi (gen) HGSav-4.1 p. 3, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. p. 2; 1015 Rodulfi (gen) NTDip-vol4 p. 225, Rotdulfi (gen) ibid. p. 225; 1016 Rodulphus (nom) HGSav-4.1 p. 3, Ruodolphi (gen) ibid. p. 3; 1018x1032 Rodulfo (abl) StVdM-II 666; 1029x1033 Rodulfi (gen) CartStPC XII, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. XII; 1030 Rodulfo (abl) StVdM-II 681, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 713; 1031 Rodulfo (abl) St-Barnard-Romans no. 107, StVdM-II 684; 1040x1080 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 664; 1044 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 659; 1045 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 691; c1050 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 675; 1054 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 693; 1055 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 680; 1058 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 694; 1059 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 689; 1062 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 692; 1065x1079 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 663; 1066 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 698; fin11thC Rodulfi (gen) St-Barnard-Romans no. 150; 1107 Rodulfo (abl) CartStPC XVII; 1108 Rodulfi (gen) St-Barnard-Romans no. 155; 1135 Rodulfus (nom) clairvaux-12thc 7; 1142 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 9, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 9; 1147 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 15; 1164 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 122; 1378 Rodulpho (dat) hanquetvol1 1461
Germany
Latin
963x1023 Hrodulf (nom) TradCorb §228; 966 Rudolfi (gen) quix-vol1 14; 1100 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 78; 1130 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. 63; 1138 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 28; 1147 Rodulfo (dat) ibid. 29; 1153 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. 30; 1168 Rudulpho (abl) ibid. 65; 1174 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. 33; 1180 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. 35, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 34; 1185 Rodolpho (abl) ibid. 37, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 36; 1186 Rodolpho (abl) quix-vol2 123; 1197 Rodolphus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 I; 1210 Rotholfo (abl) ibid. IV, Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 10; 1214 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 15; 1217 Rudolphum (acc) quix-vol1 71; 1219 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 41; 1220 Rudolffus (nom) ibid. 44, Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 45, Rudulfus (nom) ibid. 44; 1221 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 61; 1225 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 68; 1233 Rodolfus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XIV; 1234 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 91; 1237 Rudolfo (abl) ibid. 98; 1242 Rodolfus (nom) UrkMeck1 no. XXXI; 1246 Rodolfus (nom) ibid. no. XXXIII; 1253 Rudolffus (nom) hennes-vol1 147; 1254 Rudolfi (gen) ibid. 155; 1256 Rodolphi (gen) UrkMeck1 no. XLVII, Rodolphus (nom) ibid. no. XLVII; 1257 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. no. L; 1259 Rodolfus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI, Rudolfo (abl) hennes-vol1 186; 1261 Rvdolfo (abl) FRA-XXXL 207; 1270 Rodolphi (gen) UrkMeck1 no. LXV; 1273 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 231; 1274 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. 235; 1275 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 240; 1276 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 251; 1281 Rudolfus (nom) UrkHeil1 32; 1284 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 298; 1288 Rudolfi (gen) ibid. 313, Rudolfus (nom) UrkHeil1 45; 1294 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 329; 1298 Rudolfi (gen) ibid. 338; 1301 Rodolfi (gen) BremUrk2 no. 3, Rodolfus (nom) ibid. no. 3; 1303 Rodolfus (nom) ibid. no. 33; 1322 Ruͦdolfi (gen) SMM p. 164, Ruͦdolfus (nom) ibid. p. 158; 1394 Ruͦdolfus (nom) ibid. p. 174; 1401 Rudolfo (dat) HD1401 no. 196
1394 Rüdlini (gen) SMM p. 194
Middle High German
1293 Rudolfen (acc) UrkWitt-II 188
Early New High German
1420 Rúodolph (nom) UrkRott-1 855; 1427 Ruͦdolf (nom) ibid. 909, Ruͦdolffen (dat) ibid. 909; 1497 Rudolff Nurn1497 398
Middle Low German
1304 Rolves (gen) BremUrk2 no. 38
Ireland
Latin
fin12thC Rodulfus (nom) MunDocIr III, p. 18
Italy
Latin
1158 Rodulfo (abl) Livi p. 40; 1198 Rodulfo (abl) ChStBo1 III; 1236 Rodulfi (gen) TirNot1 11; 1245 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 120; 1327 Rodulphi (gen) Friuli-14thC no. 448; 1367 Ridolfo (dat) Livi 105/106; 1368 Ridolfo (abl) ibid. 225, Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 183; 1376 Rodulffi (gen) DouGen1 p. 36
Latvia
Latin
1303 Rodolfus (nom) RigSB 895; 1314 Rolof (dat) ibid. 209; 1330 Rolof (dat) ibid. 211; 1332 Rudolfo (dat) ibid. 118
The Netherlands
Latin
801 Hrodulfi (gen) OrkGZ no. 22, Hrodulfus (nom) ibid. no. 22; 850 Rodolfi (gen) ibid. no. 41; 1288 Rodolphus (nom) GesOIJ-1 p. 296; 1297 rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 297; 1311 Rodolphi (gen) ibid. p. 298, Rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 298; 1356 Rodolfi (gen) ibid. p. 301; 1361 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 302; 1387 rodolfus (nom) ibid. p. 304
Middle Dutch
1382 Roloff (nom) GesOIJ-4 p. 186
Slovenia
Latin
1261 Rudolfo (abl) FRA-XXXL 208
Sweden
Old Swedish
1499 Roleffs (gen) HGS p. 151
Switzerland
Latin
1167 Rodulfus (nom) CartHaut 22; 1228 Rudolphus (nom) MHCG2 445; 1235 Rodulfi (gen) CLC p. 38, Rodulfo (abl) ibid. p. 38, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. p. 48, Ruodulfi (gen) ibid. p. 46, Ruodulfus (nom) ibid. p. 45; 1245 Rodulfus (nom) CartHaut 45; 1297 Rudolphi (gen) MHCG2 456; 14thCx1478 Rodulphus (nom) Ob-SPVn (117); 1319 Rodulphi (gen) MHCG2 457; 1349 Rodulphi (gen) MHN DXXIII, Rodulpho (abl) ibid. DXXIII, Rodulphum (acc) ibid. DXXIII, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. DXXIII; 1350 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. DXXIX, Ruodulphi (gen) ibid. DXXIX; 1352 Rodulpho (abl) ibid. DXLVII; 1354 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. DLII; 1374 Rudolphi (gen) MHCG2 463; 1377 Rodulphum (acc) ibid. 464, Rudolphum (acc) ibid. 464; 1378 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 465; 1388 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 466; 1393/4 Rodulphi (gen) ibid. 467, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 467; 1396 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 468; 1401 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 470; 1436 Rodulphum (acc) ibid. 210; 1438 Rodolpho (abl) ibid. 210; 1475 Rodulphi (gen) ibid. 239, Rudolpho (abl) ibid. 240; 1478 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 244; 1492 Rodulphi (gen) ibid. 251; 1493 Rodulpho (abl) ibid. 254; 1497/8 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 263; 1515 Rodulphi (gen) ibid. 288
Middle French
1354 Roud MHN DLIII, Roul ibid. DLIII; 1543 Rudollff MHCG2 312; 1545 Rudollff ibid. 313
Middle High German
1352 Rudolf (nom) MHN DXLVI
Early New High German
1451 Rudolf (nom) MHCG2 220
Wales
Latin
1582 Rodulphus (nom) RegCon1 p. 36
Cite as: S.L. Uckelman. "Rudolf". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2020, no. 1. http://dmnes.org/2020/1/name/Rudolf.