Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Rudolf m. Old Saxon hrōth, Old High German hruod 'fame' + Old High German wolf, Gothic wulf 'wolf'.

The name of an 11th C king of Arles, a 13th C king of Germany, a 13th C duke of Austria, a 14th C king of Bohemia and Poland, a 14th C duke of Austria, and a 16th C Holy Roman emperor.

The name is sometimes confused with forms of Ralph, of similar etymology.

Austria
Latin
1277? Rvdolfus (nom) FRA-XXXL 354
Belgium
Latin
1050 Rodulfus (nom) CRS-2-5 p. 232; 1110 Rodulfus (nom) CartStBert 4; 1119 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 8
Estonia
Middle Low German
1425 Roleff BbRT p. 350; 1428 Roleff ibid. p. 352
France
Latin
814 Rodulfus (nom) StVdM-II G13; c823 Rodulfus (nom) irminon-vol2 94, Ved; 937x993 Rodulfi (gen) CartSavII 1; 989 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 105; 993x1000 Rodulfo (abl) St-Bernard-Romans no. 89; 993x1032 Rodulfo (abl) ibid. no. 82; 994 Rodulfi (gen) CartSavII 7; c1000 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 172; 11thC Rodulfus (nom) StVdM-II 720; 1013 Rodulfo (abl) CartSavII 8; 1014 Rodulphi (gen) HGSav-4.1 p. 3, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. p. 2; 1015 Rodulfi (gen) NTDip-vol4 p. 225, Rotdulfi (gen) ibid. p. 225; 1016 Rodulphus (nom) HGSav-4.1 p. 3, Ruodolphi (gen) ibid. p. 3; 1018x1032 Rodulfo (abl) StVdM-II 666; 1029x1033 Rodulfi (gen) CartStPC XII, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. XII; 1030 Rodulfo (abl) StVdM-II 681, Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 713; 1031 Rodulfo (abl) St-Bernard-Romans no. 107, StVdM-II 684; 1040x1080 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 664; 1044 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 659; 1045 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 691; c1050 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 675; 1054 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 693; 1055 Rodulfi (gen) ibid. 680; 1058 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 694; 1059 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 689; 1062 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 692; 1065x1079 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 663; 1066 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 698; 1107 Rodulfo (abl) CartStPC XVII; 1115 Rodulfus (nom) CartNDJosaphat VI; 1135 Rodulfus (nom) clairvaux-12thc 7; 1142 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 9, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 9; 1147 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 15; 1164 Rodulfus (nom) ibid. 122; 1378 Rodulpho (dat) hanquetvol1 1461
Germany
Latin
963x1023 Hrodulf (nom) TradCorb §228; 966 Rudolfi (gen) quix-vol1 14; 1100 Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 78; 1130 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. 63; 1138 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 28; 1147 Rodulfo (dat) ibid. 29; 1153 Rudolphus (nom) ibid. 30; 1168 Rudulpho (abl) ibid. 65; 1174 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. 33; 1180 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. 35, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 34; 1185 Rodolpho (abl) ibid. 37, Rodulphus (nom) ibid. 36; 1186 Rodolpho (abl) quix-vol2 123; 1197 Rodolphus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 I; 1210 Rotholfo (abl) ibid. IV, Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 10; 1214 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 15; 1217 Rudolphum (acc) quix-vol1 71; 1219 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 41; 1220 Rudolffus (nom) ibid. 44, Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 45, Rudulfus (nom) ibid. 44; 1221 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 61; 1225 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 68; 1233 Rodolfus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XIV; 1234 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 91; 1237 Rudolfo (abl) ibid. 98; 1253 Rudolffus (nom) ibid. 147; 1254 Rudolfi (gen) ibid. 155; 1259 Rodolfus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI, Rudolfo (abl) hennes-vol1 186; 1261 Rvdolfo (abl) FRA-XXXL 207; 1281 Rudolfus (nom) UrkHeil1 32; 1288 Rudolfus (nom) ibid. 45; 1401 Rudolfo (dat) HD1401 no. 196
Middle High German
1293 Rudolfen (acc) UrkWitt-II 188
Early New High German
1420 Rúodolph (nom) UrkRott-1 855; 1427 Ruͦdolf (nom) ibid. 909, Ruͦdolffen (dat) ibid. 909; 1497 Rudolff Nurn1497 398
Ireland
Latin
fin12thC Rodulfus (nom) MunDocIr III, p. 18
Italy
Latin
1198 Rodulfo (abl) ChStBo1 III; 1236 Rodulfi (gen) TirNot1 11; 1245 Rudolfus (nom) hennes-vol1 120; 1327 Rodulphi (gen) Friuli-14thC no. 448; 1376 Rodulffi (gen) DouGen1 p. 36
Latvia
Latin
1332 Rudolfo (dat) RigSB 118
The Netherlands
Latin
1288 Rodolphus (nom) GesOIJ-1 p. 296; 1297 rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 297; 1311 Rodolphi (gen) ibid. p. 298, Rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 298; 1356 Rodolfi (gen) ibid. p. 301; 1361 Rodolphus (nom) ibid. p. 302; 1387 rodolfus (nom) ibid. p. 304
Slovenia
Latin
1261 Rudolfo (abl) FRA-XXXL 208
Switzerland
Latin
1167 Rodulfus (nom) CartHaut 22; 14thCx1478 Rodulphus (nom) Ob-SPVn (117)
Wales
Latin
1582 Rodulphus (nom) RegCon1 p. 36
Cite as: S.L. Uckelman. "Rudolf". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Rudolf.