Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Reynard m. Proto-Germanic *ragin 'counsel, might' + Old Saxon hard, Old High German hart 'strong, hard'.

The character of Reynard the Fox was an important one in the medieval literary cycles of France, Germany, the Low Countries, and England, thus contributing to the enduring popularity of the name. The name was so closely associated with foxes that the Middle French form ultimately ended up replacing the native word for 'fox' in French.

Brabant
Latin
1312 Reynardi (gen) JeanIII p. 37
Czech Republic
Middle High German
1389 Reynhart (nom) Rössler1 118
France
Latin
519 Ragnardo (nom) CartYonne1 I; c823 Ragenardus (nom) irminon-vol2 5, Palatiolum, Rainardus (nom) ibid. 61b, CE; 969 Rainardus (nom) CartSavII 4; c1030 Rainardus (nom) StVdM-II 714; c1040 Rainardus (nom) ibid. 724; 1070 Rainardi (gen) ibid. 740; 1079x1101 Rainardus (nom) CartStPC IX; 1101x1129 Rainardus (nom) ibid. XVI; 1107 Rainardus (nom) ibid. XVII; 1115x1149 Rainardus (gen) ibid. X; a1116 Rainardi (gen) ibid. XX, Rainardo (dat) ibid. XX; 1126 Rainardus (nom) ibid. IV; 1135 Rainardus (nom) clairvaux-12thc 7; 1147 Rainardus (nom) ibid. 16; 1162 Rainardus (nom) ibid. 39; 1163–64 Reiniardus (nom) ibid. 110; 1164 Reinardus (nom) ibid. 121; 1179 Renardus (nom) ibid. 181; 1273 Renardi (gen) NDParisII 2-XLIII; 1274 Renart (nom) ibid. 2-LV
Old French
1296 Renart paris1296 p. 29
Germany
Latin
802 Reginhardo (abl) FRA-XXXL 7, Reginhart (nom) ibid. 7; 1142 Reinhart (nom) mairhofer I; 1145 Regenhardus (nom) ibid. LXI[XXI]; 1147 Regenhart (nom) ibid. XXVI; 1149 Regenhardus (nom) ibid. XXXV; 1151 Regenhardus (nom) ibid. XXXVI; 1174 Reinardus (nom) quix-vol1 32; 1208 Reinardus (nom) quix-vol2 124; 1237 Reinhardo (abl) hennes-vol1 98, Reinhardus (nom) ibid. 98; 1253 Reynhardi (gen) ibid. 147
1259 Reineke (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI
Early New High German
1360 Reinhart (nom) UrkHess-3 995
Italy
Latin
1237 Reinhardo (dat) TirNot1 587
Slovenia
Latin
1261 Reinhardi (gen) FRA-XXXL 208, Reinhardo (dat) ibid. 208
Spain
Latin
1012 Renardus (nom) CDCB-XV MMCLXXI; 1019 Reinardus (nom) ibid. MMCLXXIV; 1020 Rainard (nom) ibid. MMCLXXV
Cite as: S.L. Uckelman. "Reynard". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Reynard.