Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Olaf m. Proto-Norse *anu- 'ancestor' + *-laibaʀ 'remainder'.

The name of a 9th C king of Sweden, a 9th C king of Dublin, a 10th C king of Sweden, 10th C king of Norway, two 10th C kings of Dublin, a 10th C king of the Scots, a 10th C king of Limerick, a 10th C king of Dublin and Northumbria, an 11th C king of Norway and saint, another 11th C king of Norway, a 12th C king of Norway, a 12th C king of the Isles, a 12th C Danish anti-king, a 13th C king of Mann, and a 14th C king of Norway and Denmark.

Czech Republic
Latin
1372 Olaus (nom) LDFPUP1 p. 28
Denmark
Latin
1320 Oleff (gen) MIRGPCM4 XVI-III; 1362 Olaus (nom) ibid. XVI-V, Olauus (nom) ibid. XVI-V, Oleffs (gen) ibid. XVI-V
Danish
1581 Oluff KD-1 no. 362
1581 Oel KD-1 no. 362
England
Latin
1300 Aule (nom) ProcSuf-vol3 p. 231
Estonia
Middle Low German
1387 Olaue BbRT p. 339; 1524x1532 Olaff Saareste1923a p. 102, Ollaui (unc) ibid. p. 102, Oloff (nom) Saareste1923b p. 137; 1550 Oleff (nom) Kalakaupmees p. 257, Olleff (nom) ibid. p. 258; 1580 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 251, fn. 2
1592 Olly Tiik1977 p. 285
Early Modern Swedish
1565 Oluff (nom) Hiiumaa p. 251
1576 Olle (nom) Hiiumaa p. 172; 1583 Olli (nom) ibid. p. 172; 1595 Olle (nom) ibid. p. 172
Finland
Old Swedish
1405 Olaff (nom) SDHK no. 16441
Early Modern Swedish
1548 Oluff (nom) Audén1980 p. 168; 1555 Oleff ibid. p. 165; 1559 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 166
1548 Olle (nom) Audén1980 p. 169, Ols (gen) ibid. p. 168
Iceland
Middle Icelandic
1500 Olafs (gen) DipIs-7 489
Italy
Latin
1460 Olavi (gen) SDHK no. 42126
Latvia
Latin
1297 Olao (dat) RigSB 805
Middle Low German
1523 Olloff Arbusow p. 99, Olof ibid. p 98
Sweden
Latin
1350 Olaps (gen) SDHK no. 6002, Olaui (gen) ibid. no. 6000, Olauo (dat) ibid. no. 6037, Olauus (nom) ibid. no. 6002, Olof (gen) ibid. no. 6054; 1383 Olauus (nom) SRA-vol2 no. 1909, Olawus (nom) ibid. no. 1925
Middle Norwegian
1383 Olafs (gen) SRA-vol2 no. 1915, Olafuer ibid. no. 1915
Old Swedish
1352 Olaf (gen) SDHK no. 6314; 1358 Olaue (dat) ibid. no. 7337, Olawe (nom) ibid. no. 7337; 1376 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 10824; 1377 Olauer (nom) ibid. no. 11025; 1379 Olafwir (nom) ibid. no. 11542, Olawer (nom) ibid. no. 11470; 1383 Olaf SRA-vol2 no. 1900, Olaff ibid. no. 1926, Olaffwer ibid. no. 1933, Olafuir ibid. no. 1911, Olauer ibid. no. 1922, Olauers (gen) ibid. no. 1922, Olauir ibid. no. 1940, Olawer ibid. no. 1934, Olof ibid. no. 1943; 1402 Olaff (nom) SDHK no. 15897, Olafs (gen) ibid. no. 15899, Olawer (nom) ibid. no. 15899; 1406 Oleff (nom) ibid. no. 16646; 1407 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 16880; 1408 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 17116; 1409 Olaf (gen) ibid. no. 17268, Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 17265, Olafs (gen) ibid. no. 17226, Olafuer (nom) ibid. no. 17226, Olafwer (nom) ibid. no. 17330, Olaue (dat) ibid. no. 17226, Oloff (nom) ibid. no. 17269; 1411 Olof (nom) ibid. no. 17735; 1412 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 17900; 1413 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 18131; 1414 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 18236; 1415 Olafs (gen) ibid. no. 18469; 1417 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 18862; 1419 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 19234; 1420 Olaff (nom) ibid. no. 19470, Olafs (gen) ibid. no. 19553; 1492 Oleff (nom) HGS p. 150; 1493 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 150; 1494 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 150; 1505 Oloff (nom) ibid. p. 151; 1506 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 152; 1507 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 152; 1508 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 152; 1509 Oleff (nom) ibid. p. 152
1503 Ols (gen) HGS p. 151; 1504 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 151; 1505 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 151; 1506 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1507 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1508 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1509 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1510 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1511 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 152; 1512 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 153; 1513 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 153; 1514 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 153; 1515 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 153; 1516 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 153; 1518 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 154; 1519 Ol (gen) ibid. p. 154; 1520 Ol (gen) ibid. p. 154; 1525 Ols (gen) ibid. p. 155
Early Modern Swedish
1526 Olaff (nom) HGS p. 155; 1527 Olaff (nom) ibid. p. 155; 1533 Olaff (nom) ibid. p. 156; 1536 Olaff (nom) ibid. p. 157; 1537 Olaff (nom) ibid. p. 157; 1538 Oloff (nom) ibid. p. 157; 1539 Oloff (nom) ibid. p. 157; 1540 Oloff (nom) ibid. p. 158; 1543 Olaf (nom) Audén1980 p. 162; 1544 Oloff (nom) HGS p. 158; 1584 Olof (gen) ibid. p. 159; 1586 Oluff (nom) ibid. p. 159; 1590 Oluff (nom) ibid. p. 160
1541 Ols (gen) HGS p. 159; 1543 Ols (gen) Audén1980 p. 164; 1583 Ol (gen) HGS p. 159
Cite as: R. Le Get, S.L. Uckelman. "Olaf". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2019, no. 1. http://dmnes.org/2019/1/name/Olaf.