Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Michael m. Hebrew מי כאל 'who is like God?'

The name of one of the four archangels, venerated as a saint, and of a 10th C Byzantine saint. Wycliffite Bible (1395): Miyhel, Mychael.

Belgium
Middle Dutch
1377 Michiel (nom) RSG1376-89 p. 78
Brabant
Latin
1312 Michael (nom) JeanIII p. 24
Czech Republic
Latin
1349 Michaelis (gen) chlumecky 120; 1356 Michaele (abl) ibid. 117
1358 Michkoni (dat) chlumecky 239, p. 31
Middle High German
1373 Michel (nom) Rössler1 102; 1390 Michel (nom) ibid. 119
England
Latin
1161x1184 Michael (nom) MDE p. 227, no. 1; 1185x1186 Michael (nom) PR-XXXVI p. 14, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 15; 1189 Michael (nom) GASurv p. 206; 1222 Michael (nom) StPaulDom p. 8; 1299 Michael (nom) ComWil-vol1 p. 2; 1340xc1450 Michael (nom) CovGuild-1 p. 50; 1381 Michael (nom) Suffolk1381 p. 116, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 99, Michaelis (nom) ibid. p. 76, Michaelus (nom) ibid. p. 71; 1552 Michaell (nom) StMartF p. 57; 1568 Mighell (nom) Chst-1 p. 11
Dutch
1572 Michael AuFr Bimmos; 1574 Michiel ibid. Courseles; 1575 Michiel ibid. Courselis; 1578 Michiels (gen) ibid. Corselis; 1580 Michiel ibid. Capellen; 1588 Michiel ibid. Block; 1594 Michiel ibid. Corselis; 1596 Michiel ibid. Droeshout; 1599 Michiel ibid. Droussaut
Early Modern English
1530 Michael LIWill-III p. 49, Michel ibid. p. 14, Michell ibid. p. 34, Myghell ibid. p. 7; 1549 Mihill StAnthonlin p. 7; 1553 Mihill ibid. p. 10; 1556 Michaell PRThirsk p. 1; 1557 Michaell ibid. p. 2; 1562 Michael COmar-vol2 p. 47, Mihill StAnthonlin p. 15; 1563 Michaell ibid. p. 16; 1564 Michell Redruth-Co p. 6, Mychell COmar-vol5 p. 83; 1567 Mychell ibid. p. 3; 1568 Michael Redruth-Co p. 6, Michaell bruton-vol1 p. 5, Michel Redruth-Co p. 6; 1569 Michaell StAnthonlin p. 20; 1571 Myckael BUmar-vol2 p. 116; 1572 Michael ibid. p. 61; 1573 Michaell DEmar-vol1 p. 82, StAnthonlin p. 23; 1574 Michaell ibid. p. 24; 1578 Mychaell BEmar-vol2 p. 129; 1579 Michael COmar-vol2 p. 122, Michaell BUmar-vol2 p. 116; 1581 Michael ibid. p. 63, Michaell StAnthonlin p. 28, Mychell COmar-vol5 p. 6, Myghell HAmar-vol9 p. 92; 1582 Michaell StAnthonlin p. 29; 1583/4 Michael BEmar-vol1 p. 11; 1584 Mychael BEmar-vol2 p. 130, Mychaell Bar-in-El p. 25; 1585 Michael ibid. p. 14, DEmar-vol2 p. 11; 1586 Mychell COmar-vol5 p. 8; 1587 Michaell BUmar-vol2 p. 117; 1588 Mychaell Bar-in-El p. 13, Mychall ibid. p. 13; 1589 Michael DEmar-vol2 p. 17; 1590 Michael ibid. p. 20, Mychaell BEmar-vol2 p. 130; 1591 Mychell COmar-vol5 p. 9; 1592 Michael DEmar-vol2 p. 25; 1593 Michael ibid. p. 28; 1594 Michael StMary-Ke p. iv; 1595 Michael BUmar-vol9 p. 9, DEmar-vol2 p. 31, Mychell COmar-vol5 p. 86; 1597 Michael DEmar-vol2 p. 36; 1598 Michael ibid. p. 38, Mychaell StAnthonlin p. 39; 1599 Michaell Bar-in-El p. 35
Estonia
Middle Low German
1378 Michel BbRT p. 335; 1413 Michel ibid. p. 346; 1421 Michel ibid. p. 349; 1425 Mychel ibid. p. 350; 1442 Mychgel ibid. p. 364; 1524x1532 Mihell (nom) Saareste1923b p. 139; 1592 Mickel Tiik1977 p. 287
1524x1532 Micku (nom) Saareste1923b p. 145, Mickw (unc) ibid. p. 145; 1592 Mick Tiik1977 p. 286
Early Modern Swedish
1565 Michill (nom) Hiiumaa p. 126; 1576 Michell (nom) ibid. p. 218; 1583 Michell (nom) ibid. p. 126; 1587 Micko ibid. p. 85
1564 Michel (nom) Hiiumaa p. 126; 1576 Mick (nom) ibid. p. 27, Micke (nom) ibid. p. 85; 1577 Miche (nom) ibid. p. 85
Finland
Early Modern Swedish
1548 Michill (nom) Audén1980 p. 170, Michils (gen) ibid. p. 167; 1582 Michil (nom) ibid. p. 172
France
Latin
1171 Michael (nom) clairvaux-12thc 139; 1179 Michaele (abl) ibid. 177; 1180 Micaele (abl) RotScaNor p. 19; 1236 Michael (nom) NDParisII 2-XXXIX; 1257 Michael (nom) ArrestReg-volI XII, Candlemas, Michaelem (acc) ibid. XII, Candlemas, Michaelis (gen) ibid. XII, Candlemas; 1258 Michael (nom) ibid. XIII, Candlemas, Michaelem (acc) ibid. XIII, Candlemas, Michaeli (dat) ibid. XIII, Candlemas; 1267 Michael (nom) NDParisII 2-XXIX, Michaelem (acc) ibid. 2-XXIX, Michaeli (dat) ibid. 2-XXIX; 1268 Michael (nom) ibid. 2-V; 1269 Michael (nom) ibid. 2-III; 1270 Michael (nom) ibid. 2-XLI; 1273 Michael (nom) RegToul-13thC p. 24; 1300 Michaelis (gen) St-Bernard-Romans 382; 1301 Michael (nom) MemPic-vol17 p. 207, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 224, Michaelis (nom) ibid. p. 200, Mychaelis (gen) ibid. p. 210; 1378 Michael (nom) hanquetvol1 1215, Michaeli (dat) ibid. 268, Michaelis (gen) ibid. 204, Mikaeli (dat) ibid. 2170; 1421 Michaelis (gen) favier p. 126
Old French
1296 Michiel paris1296 p. 10; 1301 Mikiel (obl) MemPic-vol17 p. 287; 1313 Michel Paris1313 p. 19, Michiel ibid. p. 4
1292 Michelet 1292paris p. 2; 1296 Michelet paris1296 p. 42; 1313 Michelet Paris1313 p. 9, Michielet ibid. p. 16
Middle French
1368 Michiel beauchet-vol1 p. 14; 1392 Michel MemBret-II col. 601; 1415[1469x1471] Michiel Waurin p. 227; 1418 Michault HGParis p. 376, Michiel ibid. p. 372; 1421 Michault favier 344, Michiel ibid. 253; 1423 Michiel ibid. 104; 1438 Michault ibid. 87, Michiel ibid. 68; 1561 Michel RegPCC-1 p. 4; 1562 Michel ibid. p. 6; 1563 Michel ibid. p. 19; 1564 Michel ibid. p. 46; 1565 Michel ibid. p. 110; 1566 Michel ibid. p. 202; 1567 Michault ibid. p. 341, Michel ibid. p. 281; 1568 Michel ibid. p. 363; 1570 Michel ibid. p. 422; 1571 Michel ibid. p. 436
1392 Michelet MemBret-II col. 611; 1418 Michelet HGParis p. 374; 1421 Michelet favier 38, Michellet ibid.; 1423 Michelet ibid. 325
Germany
Latin
1259 Michahelis (gen) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI; 1401 Mychaeli (dat) HD1401 no. 379; 1408 Michahele (abl) mairhofer DCLXXXIV, Michahelem (acc) ibid. DCLXXXIV; 1426 Michahel (nom) ibid. DCCXXIII, Michahele (abl) ibid. DCCXXIII, Michahelem (acc) ibid. DCCXXIII, Michahelis (gen) ibid. DCCXXIII
Early New High German
1400 Michel (nom) mairhofer DCLXVIII; 1402 Michel (nom) ibid. DCLXXII; 1403 Michels (gen) ibid. DCLXXIV; 1409 Michele (acc) UrkJen2 17; 1410 Michel (nom) mairhofer DCXCI; 1419 Michel (nom) ibid. DCCXI; 1428 Michel (nom) ibid. DCCXXVII; 1429 Michel (nom) ibid. DCCXXX; 1497 Michel Nurn1497 p. 1, Michell ibid. 40
Hungary
Latin
1301 Michael (nom) Slíz p. 300, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 300, s.n. Michael; 1302 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 300x301, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1303 Micael (nom) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Micaelis (gen) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael; 1304 Micaelem (acc) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Micaeli (dat) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1305 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1306 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1307 Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1308 Micaele (abl) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1310 Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1311 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1313 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1314 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1315 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael; 1317 Michaële (abl) CDH-VIII-II X, Michaëlis (gen) ibid. VI; 1318 Micael (nom) Slíz p. 314, s.n. Michael, Micaeli (dat) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Micalis (gen) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1319 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1320 Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1321 Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1322 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1323 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1324 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) CDH-VIII-II CCLXX, Slíz p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) CDH-VIII-II CCLXX, Slíz p. 302, s.n. Michael; 1325 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael; 1327 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael; 1328 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael; 1329 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael; 1330 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael; 1331 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael; 1332 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael; 1332x1337 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael; 1333 Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 310, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 310, s.n. Michael; 1334 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael; 1335 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael; 1336 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 303, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael; 1337 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 302, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael; 1338 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 311x312, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 304, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael; 1339 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael, Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael; 1340 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 312, s.n. Michael; 1341 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 301, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 313, s.n. Michael, Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 313, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 313, s.n. Michael; 1342 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 311, s.n. Michael, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 313, s.n. Michael, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 313, s.n. Michael; 1351 Michaële (abl) CDH-IX-II I
1313 Myxe (nom) Slíz p. 316, s.n. Michael; 1315 Myske (nom) ibid. p. 316x317, s.n. Michael; 1319 Myxe (nom) ibid. p. 317, s.n. Michael; 1324 Michach (nom) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael; 1332 Micha (nom) ibid. p. 314, s.n. Michael
Ireland
Latin
fin12thC Michaelis (gen) MunDocIr III, p. 20, Michel (nom) ibid. III, p. 21
Italy
Latin
1198 Micael (nom) ChStBo1 IV, Michaele (abl) ibid. III; 1265x1339 Michaelis (gen) BBC-Berg 120; 1310 Michaelis (gen) MonRav-2 CCCL; 1376 Michael (abl) DouGen1 p. 37, Michaele (abl) ibid. p. 37, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 242; 1464 Michael (nom) CUP-III-I CCXXXI, Michaël (nom) ibid. CCXXXI; 1527 Michaelis (gen) Rome1527 p. 83
1285 Micheloctus (nom) Perugia1285 p. 153; 1310 Michelinus (nom) MonRav-2 CCCL, Michelonus (nom) ibid. CCCL
Italian
1401 Michele SDHK no. 15739; 1513x1521 Michaele LeoX p. 14
Latvia
Middle Low German
1464 Michel Mettig1892 p. 4; 1475 Mychel ibid. p. 11; 1478 Michael ibid. p. 8; 1505 Michaelis ibid. p. 8; 1515 Mychahel ibid. p. 11; 1523 Michahel Arbusow p. 98, Mychgel ibid. p. 97; 1524 Michahel ibid. p. 99; 1532 Michel ibid. p. 97, Mickel ibid. p. 98; 1558 Mickel Arbuzov1920 p. 45, Mickels ibid. p. 46; 1582x1594 Michell ibid. p. 47
The Netherlands
Dutch
1569 Michiel MagMiddelburg-1560; 1570 Michiel ibid.; 1571 Michiel ibid.; 1573 Michiel ibid.; 1577 Michiel NHG-Middelburg p. 40; 1578 Michiel MagMiddelburg-1560; 1579 Michiel ibid.; 1580 Michiel ibid.; 1581 Michiel ibid.; 1582 Michiel ibid.; 1583 Michiel ibid.; 1584 Michiel ibid.; 1585 Michiel ibid.; 1587 Michiel ibid.
Poland
Latin
1228 Michael (nom) hennes-vol1 p. 81
Scotland
Latin
1174x99 Michaele (abl) CartLevenax p. 12; a1177 Michaele (abl) CartNBer 3; 1214–1226 Michel (abl) morton-vol1 1; 1376 Michaeli (dat) ibid. 16, Michaelis (gen) ibid. 16, Mychaeli (dat) ibid. 16; 1424 Michaeli (dat) RMSRS-2 18
Spain
Latin
1276 Michael (nom) CDGH XLVI, michaele (abl) ibid. XLVI; 1487 Michaelem (acc) carbonell-I p. 14; 1488 Michaeli (dat) ibid. p. 19, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 24; 1489 Michaelem (acc) ibid. p. 29; 1490 Michael (nom) ibid. p. 48, Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 40; 1491 Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 62; 1492 Michaelis (gen) ibid. p. 67
Catalan
1510 Miquel valencia1510 3259
Old Spanish
1225 Migael PHGCRP-I no. 15, Miguel ibid. no. 15
Spanish
1495 Miguel montalvo; 1496 Mjguel olite1496 p. 175; 1567 Miguel SanzSerrano; 1575 Miguel Catalogo-5.2 3793; 1576 Miguel ibid. 3892
Sweden
Latin
1350 Michael (nom) SDHK no. 6014, Michaeli (dat) ibid. no. 6037, Michaelis (gen) ibid. no. 6037
Old Swedish
1409 Mikæl (nom) SDHK no. 17268
Early Modern Swedish
1543 Michels (gen) Audén1980 p. 162
Switzerland
Latin
14thCx1478 Michael (nom) Ob-SPVn (55), Michaelis (gen) ibid. (165), Michaudi (gen) ibid. (136)
14thCx1478 Michelon (nom) Ob-SPVn (195)
Cite as: G. Grim, R. Le Get, M. Slíz, J. Uckelman, S.L. Uckelman. "Michael". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Michael.