Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Martin m. A diminutive of Latin Mars, the name of a god.

The name of a 4th C French saint, a 6th C Portuguese saint, a 7th C pope, a 12th C Spanish saint, a 13th C pope, a 14th C pope, a 14th/15th C king of Sicily, a 15th C king of Aragon and Sicily, and an important 16th C German theologian and reformer.

Croatia
Latin
1439x1482 Martin (nom) Brgles p. 7
Czech Republic
Latin
1314 Martinus (nom) Rössler1 6; 1331 Martinus (nom) ibid. 32; 1337 Martinus (nom) ibid. 29; 1343 Martini (gen) Rössler2 95, p. 49, Martino (abl) ibid. 41, p. 23, Martinum (acc) ibid. 41, p. 23, Martinus (nom) ibid. 41, p. 23; 1349 Martino (dat) chlumecky 116; 1351 Martino (dat) ibid. 20; 1353 Martino (dat) ibid. 63; 1356 Martinus (nom) ibid. 177, p. 29
Middle High German
1360 Martinus (nom) Rössler1 57; 1370 Mertein (nom) ibid. 62; 1373 Mertein (nom) ibid. 102; 1390 Mertein (nom) ibid. 119
c1339 Mertyl (nom) Rössler1 93; 1340 Mertil (nom) ibid. 97; 1341 Mertel (nom) ibid. 33
England
Latin
1189 Martini (gen) GASurv p. 122, Martinus (nom) ibid. p. 112; c1198 Martyn (gen) ibid. p. 242; 1222 Martinus (nom) StPaulDom p. 1, martini (gen) ibid. p. 41; 1296 Martini (gen) RCS-1 p. 92b, Martinus (nom) ibid. p. 92b; 1340xc1450 Martinus (nom) CovGuild-1 p. 50; 1357 Martino (abl) SocAntNor-3-3 no. 22; 1381 Martinus (nom) FenPT-2 p. 11, Suffolk1381 p. 133, Martyni (gen) ibid. p. 95; 1556 Martin (nom) StMartF p. 58; 1557 Martin (nom) ibid. p. 59
Dutch
1572 Marten AuFr Dale; 1574 Marten ibid. Boone; 1575 Marten ibid. Eijcke; 1576 Marten ibid. Dale; 1578 Marten ibid. Dalen; 1581 Marten ibid. Boone, Martin ibid. Coster; 1583 Marten ibid. Boone; 1585 Marten ibid. Boone; 1586 Marten ibid. Boone; 1587 Marten ibid. Geernets; 1589 Marten ibid. Boone; 1590 Marten ibid. Blauvoet, Merten ibid. Geeraerts; 1591 Marten ibid. Boneval, Martinus ibid. Boone; 1592 Marten ibid. Blaeuvoet, Merten ibid. Geeraerts; 1593 Marten ibid. Boneval; 1595 Marten ibid. Bieue; 1596 Marten ibid. Geraerts, Martinus ibid. Geraerts
Middle English
1406 Martyn EEW p. 13; 1426 Martyn ibid. p. 70
Early Modern English
1530 Martyn LIWill-III p. 10; 1539 Martyn BarnstapleBap p. 1; 1542/3 Martyn SIAcc 3; 1548 Martyn BarnstapleBap p. 6; 1551 Martin StAnthonlin p. 8; 1553 Martyn DEmar-vol1 p. 80; 1560 Martin ibid. p. 80; 1563 Martinn HAmar-vol9 p. 68; 1569 Martin DEmar-vol1 p. 82; 1573 Martyne Bar-in-El p. 21; 1575 Martin StAnthonlin p. 24; 1577 Martyn DEmar-vol1 p. 83; 1578 Marten COmar-vol5 p. 127; 1583 Martin COmar-vol2 p. 49; 1586 Martyn DEmar-vol2 p. 13; 1588 Marten COmar-vol5 p. 8, Martyn Bar-in-El p. 26, DEmar-vol2 p. 16, Martyne Bar-in-El p. 26; 1589 Martyn DEmar-vol2 p. 18; 1590 Martin CAmar-vol1 p. 4; 1591 Martin StAnthonlin p. 35; 1592 Marten COmar-vol5 p. 86, Martin DEmar-vol2 p. 24, StAnthonlin p. 35; 1593 Martin ibid. p. 36; 1594 Marten COmar-vol5 p. 10, Martyne DEmar-vol2 p. 1; 1595 Martin StAnthonlin p. 37; 1596 Marten COmar-vol5 p. 129; 1597 Martin StAnthonlin p. 38; 1599 Martin ibid. p. 39, Martyn DEmar-vol2 p. 43
Estonia
Middle Low German
1387 Mertyn BbRT p. 339, Mertyns (gen) ibid. p. 339; 1395 Mertyn ibid. p. 341; 1400 Mertyn ibid. p. 342; 1407 Mertyn ibid. p. 344; 1425 Mertyn ibid. p. 350; 1432 Mertin ibid. p. 355; 1435 Merten ibid. p. 357; 1442 Merten ibid. p. 364
1524x1532 Mart (nom) Saareste1923b p. 139, Marth (nom) ibid. p. 138, Marti (nom) ibid. p. 137, Marty (nom) ibid. p. 139; 1592 Mart Tiik1977 p. 285, Martt ibid. p. 288
Early Modern Swedish
1564 Mårten (nom) Hiiumaa p. 182
1576 Marth (nom) Hiiumaa p. 172
Finland
Early Modern Swedish
1548 Morthen (nom) Audén1980 p. 169
France
Latin
697 Martino (abl) DCEL-2 Add. IX; 814 Martinus (nom) StVdM-II A1; c823 Martinus (nom) irminon-vol2 34, Wan; c968 Martino (dat) CartSavII 3; 1049x1061 Martino (abl) StVdM-II 661; c1050 Martinus (nom) ibid. 676; 1094 Martinus (nom) ibid. 686; 1121 Martino (abl) CartNDJosaphat IX; 1131 Martini (gen) clairvaux-12thc 4; 1135 Martinus (nom) ibid. 7; 1138x1162 Martini (gen) ibid. 69, Martino (abl) ibid. 59, Martinus (nom) ibid. 63; 1147 Martini (gen) ibid. 15, Martino (abl) ibid. 19, Martinus (nom) ibid. 14; a1163 Martinus (nom) ibid. 96; 1163 Martini (gen) ibid. 99; 1163–64 Martinus (nom) ibid. 106; 1164 Martinus (nom) ibid. 120; 1171 Martinus (nom) ibid. 142; 1179 Martino (abl) ibid. 176, Martinus (nom) ibid. 176; 1180 Martini (gen) RotScaNor p. 8; 1196 Martinus (nom) CartNDdOurscamp CXXXIX; 1214 Martini (gen) ibid. CXLI; 1239 Martini (gen) CartAub, Martinus (nom) ibid.; 1255 Martinus (nom) ArrestReg-volI I, Candlemas; 1265 Martini (gen) NDParisII 2-XCV, Martino (dat) ibid. 2-XCV, Martinus (nom) ibid. 2-XCV; 1269x70 Martinus (nom) ibid. 2-XXXII; 1270 Martinus (nom) ibid. 2-XLI; 1273 Martinus (nom) ibid. 2-XLIII; 1300 Martini (gen) St-Bernard-Romans 382, Martinus (nom) ibid. 382; 1301 Martini (gen) MemPic-vol17 p. 202, Martino (abl) ibid. p. 216, Martinus (nom) ibid. p. 203; 1376 Martinus (nom) St-Bernard-Romans 383; 1378 Marthini (gen) hanquetvol1 1864, Martini (gen) ibid. 18, Martino (dat) ibid. 192, Martinus (nom) ibid. 1363
Old French
1296 Martin paris1296 p.5; 1301 Martin (obl) MemPic-vol17 p. 274, Martins (nom) ibid. p. 238; 1313 Martin Paris1313 p. 6
Middle French
1392 Martin MemBret-II col. 603; 1418 Martin HGParis p. 378; 1421 Martin favier 162; 1423 Martin ibid. 151; 1438 Martin ibid. 150; 1561 Martin RegPCC-1 p. 3; 1563 Martin ibid. p. 20; 1564 Martin ibid. p. 49; 1565 Martin ibid. p. 115; 1566 Martin ibid. p. 213; 1567 Martin ibid. p. 286; 1568 Martin ibid. p. 365; 1570 Martin ibid. p. 435
1392 Martel MemBret-II col. 598, Martelet ibid. col. 614; 1418 Martelet HGParis p. 384
Germany
Latin
1010 Martinum (acc) quix-vol1 84; 1401 martini (gen) HD1401 no. 123, martino (dat) ibid. no. 252; 1418 Martino (abl) mairhofer DCCVIII; 1422 Martini (gen) ibid. DCCXVIII; 1425 Martini (gen) ibid. DCCXXI, Martino (abl) ibid. DCCXXI, Martinus (nom) ibid. DCCXXII; 1426 Martini (gen) ibid. DCCXXIII, Martinus (nom) ibid. DCCXXIII
Early New High German
1421 Martein (nom) mairhofer DCCXVII; 1497 Merte Nurn1497 441, Mertein ibid. 171, Merten ibid. 2683, Mertin ibid. 169, Mertten ibid. 2731; 1525 Martin (nom) UrkHeil4 2770b
Hungary
Latin
1317 Martino (abl) CDH-VIII-II XV
Ireland
Latin
fin12thC Martinus (nom) MunDocIr III, p. 5
Early Modern English
1540 Martin Fiants-1 125
Italy
Latin
1092 Martini (gen) RCI-Cam1 565, Martino (abl) ibid. 565; 1100 Martino (dat) ibid. 625; 1198 Martini (gen) ChStBo1 III, Martino (abl) ibid. III, Martinus (nom) ibid. IV; 1236 Martini (gen) TirNot1 9; 1237 Martini (gen) ibid. 585; 1253 Martino (abl) MonRav-1 CLIX; 1265x1339 Martini (gen) BBC-Berg 137; 1267 Martinus (nom) ibid. p. XLI; 1272 Martini (gen) ibid. p. XLII, Martinus (nom) ibid. p. XLII; 1274 Martinus (nom) ibid. p. XLII; 1283 Martini (gen) ibid. p. XLIII; 1285 Martini (gen) Perugia1285 p. 153, Martinus (nom) POSDu VI; 1298 Martinus (nom) BBC-Berg p. XLV; 1304 Martini (gen) ibid. p. XLVI; 1305 Martinus (nom) ibid. p. XLVI; 1324 Martinus (nom) DSF p. 46, 3698; 1326 Martino (abl) Friuli-14thC no. 446, Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 439; 1327 Martini (gen) ibid. no. 448; 1348 Martini (gen) INP 13, Martinum (acc) ibid. 10; 1376 Martini (gen) DouGen1 p. 215, Martino (abl) ibid. p. 30; 1460 Martini (gen) SDHK no. 42126; 1464 Martini (gen) CUP-III-I CCXXXI, Martinus (nom) ibid. CCXXXI; 1527 Martinus (nom) Rome1527 p. 83
1261 Mertlinus (nom) FRA-XXXL 211; 1348 Martinelli (gen) INP 29, Tutii (gen) ibid. 13, Tutio (abl) ibid. 18, Tutium (acc) ibid. 3, Tutius (nom) ibid. 1; 1522x1532 Martucius (nom) DSF p. 57, 16, Martuczio (abl) ibid. p. 57, 16
Italian
1513x1521 Martino LeoX p. 16
Latvia
Latin
1302 Martini (gen) RigSB 94
Middle Low German
1452 Merten Arbusow p. 97; 1513 Marten Mettig1892 p. 6, Martin ibid. p. 6; 1522 Merten ibid. p. 4; 1523 Martin Arbusow p. 99, Martyn ibid. p. 98; 1524 Martin ibid. p. 99, Martyn ibid. p. 99; 1540 Martyn ibid. p. 98; 1558 Martings Arbuzov1920 p. 46, Martinngs ibid. p. 46; 1561 Marten ibid. p. 46, Martings ibid. p. 46; 1565x1577 Marten Arbusow p. 98, Martin ibid. p. 97; 1572 Martings Arbuzov1920 p. 46; 1573 Marten ibid. p. 47; 1582x1594 Martin ibid. p. 47
Lithuania
Polish
1542x1544 Martinas (nom) Kaunas2006 p. 85
The Netherlands
Latin
1254 martinus (nom) GesOIJ-1 p. 294; 1270 Martini (gen) ibid. p. 295; 1284 Martinus (nom) ibid. p. 296, martini (gen) ibid. p. 296; 1311 Martinus (nom) ibid. p. 298; 1387 martini (gen) ibid. p. 305, martinus (nom) ibid. p. 304
Dutch
1568 Martin MagMiddelburg-1560; 1569 Martin ibid.; 1594 Maerten ibid.; 1595 Maerten ibid.; 1596 Meerten ibid.; 1597 Meerten ibid.; 1598 Meerten ibid.; 1599 Meerten ibid.
Portugal
Latin
1152 Martin (nom) PHGCRP-I no. 3; 1189 Martino (abl) ibid. no. 9, Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 9; 1190 Martini (gen) ibid. no. 8, Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 8; 1209 Martino (abl) ibid. no. 10, Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 10; 1211 Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 6; 1217 Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 21; 1256 Martino (abl) ibid. no. 17; 1269 Martini (gen) ibid. no. 11
Scotland
Latin
a1200 Martini (gen) CartNBer 1; 1376 Martino (dat) morton-vol1 16
Spain
Latin
1019 Marti (nom) CDCB-XV MMCLXXIV, Martino (abl) ibid. MMCLXXIV; 1145 Martin (nom) AnnOPraem-2 col. ccccxxvi; 1276 Martino (abl) CDGH XLVI, martini (gen) ibid. XLVI, martinus (nom) ibid. XLVI; 1490 Martines (gen) carbonell-I p. 40; 1491 Martini (gen) ibid. p. 62
Catalan
1510 Marti valencia1510 3167, Martin ibid. 3766
Old Spanish
1225 Martin PHGCRP-I no. 15, Martines (gen) ibid. no. 15
Spanish
1495 Martin montalvo; 1496 Martin olite1496 p. 183, Martinus ibid. p. 189; 1540 Martín SanzSerrano; 1567 Martin ibid.; 1575 Martin Catalogo-5.2 3859; 1576 Martin ibid. 3878
Sweden
Latin
1350 Morten (nom) SDHK no. 6046; 1411 Martino (abl) ibid. no. 17654, Martinum (acc) ibid. no. 17654, Martinus (nom) ibid. no. 17654
Old Swedish
1377 Marthins (gen) SDHK no. 10938; 1383 Martins (gen) SRA-vol2 no. 1922; 1407 Marthen (nom) SDHK no. 16880
Switzerland
Latin
14thCx1478 Martini (gen) Ob-SPVn (250), Martinus (nom) ibid. (188); 1381 Martinus (nom) ibid. (211); 1391 Martinus (nom) ibid. (247)
Cite as: G. Grim, R. Le Get, J. Uckelman, S.L. Uckelman. "Martin". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Martin.