Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Martha f. Aramaic מַרְתָּא 'the mistress'.

The name of the Biblical sister of Mary and Lazarus later revered as a saint, a 3rd C Persian saint, a 6th C Syrian saint, and a 14th C queen consort of Sweden. Wycliffite Bible (1395): Martha .

The name was never especially common, but it gained popularity in England in the second half of the 16th C.

Belgium
Dutch
1597x1598 Martha BoonenGes p. 322
Czech Republic
Latin
1349 Martha (nom) chlumecky 144; 1356 Martha (nom) ibid. 145
England
Early Modern English
1541 Martha StAnthonlin p. 2; 1544 Marthat ibid. p. 4; 1561 Martha bruton-vol1 p. 31; 1564 Martha OrpingtonKe p. 2; 1568 Martha StAnthonlin p. 19; 1569/70 Martha RegBisham p. 3; 1571 Martha OrpingtonKe p. 3; 1573 Martha BEmar-vol2 p. 129; 1577 Martha ibid. p. 129, BUmar-vol9 p. 6; 1578 Martha StAnthonlin p. 27; 1580 Martha BEmar-vol2 p. 130, StAnthonlin p. 27; 1581 Martha BEmar-vol2 p. 130; 1584 Martha StAnthonlin p. 30; 1585 Martha DEmar-vol2 p. 12, OrpingtonKe p. 7, StAnthonlin p. 31; 1589/90 Martha BEmar-vol1 p. 13; 1589 Martha CAmar-vol1 p. 4; 1590 Martha BEmar-vol2 p. 130, StAnthonlin p. 34; 1591 Martha BEmar-vol1 p. 14; 1592/3 Martha RegFord p. 2; 1593 Martha BEmar-vol2 p. 131; 1594 Martha RegBisham p. 5, SaxhamSf p. 40; 1596 Martha BUmar-vol9 p. 9, StAnthonlin p. 38, StMary-Ke p. v; 1598/9 Martha RegFord p. 3; 1599 Martha DEmar-vol2 p. 41
France
Latin
814 Marta (nom) StVdM-II C11; c823 Marta (nom) irminon-vol2 38, Palatiolum; 1274 Martha (nom) RegToul-13thC p. 60
Old French
1292 Marte (obl) HistHdVParis p. 109
Middle French
1561 Marthe RegPCC-1 p. 2; 1562 Marthe ibid. p. 6; 1563 Marthe ibid. p. 21; 1564 Marthe ibid. p. 57; 1565 Marthe ibid. p. 115; 1566 Marthe ibid. p. 227; 1567 Marthe ibid. p. 283; 1568 Marthe ibid. p. 404; 1571 Marthe ibid. p. 438
Italy
Latin
1366 Marta (nom) Livi 4, Martam (acc) ibid. 20; 1460 Marta (nom) SDHK no. 42126; 1522x1532 Martha (nom) DSF p. 50, 2
Italian
1401 Marta SDHK no. 15739
Ukraine
Latin
1469 Martha (nom) AGZ-18 19, Martham (acc) ibid. 19, Marthe (dat) ibid. 19
Cite as: S.L. Uckelman. "Martha". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2017, no. 1. http://dmnes.org/2017/1/name/Martha.