Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Louis m. Old High German hlūt, lūt, Old Saxon hlūd from Proto-Germanic *hlūdaz, *hlūþaz 'loud; famous, renowned' + Old Saxon, Old English wig, Old High German wīc 'war, battle'.

The name of several early kings of Frankish tribes, three 9th C kings of the Franks, two 9th C kings of Italy and Roman Emperors, two 13th C French saints, a 14th C Holy Roman Emperor, twelve medieval kings of France, a 14th C king of Hungary and Poland, and a 16th C king of Bohemia and Hungary.

Spelling variants using w are typical of English and Scots.

Austria
Latin
837 hludouuici (gen) UBEnns-1 VI
Belgium
Latin
694 Ludouici (gen) CartStBav 2; 1212x1213 Lodvicus (nom) OvdFB 2
Old French
1262 Loeys (nom) OvdFB 5
Brabant
Latin
1312 Ludovicus (nom) JeanIII p. 11
Czech Republic
Latin
1345 Lvdovicvs (nom) CDEM-7.2 614
1350 Ludlinus (nom) Rössler1 53; 1356 Ludwicze (nom) chlumecky 169
England
Dutch
1576 Ludovicus AuFr Cornelissen; 1577 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1578 Lowijs ibid. Capellen; 1582 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1583 Lodewijck ibid. Capelle; 1585 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1586 Lowijs ibid. Burchtgrave; 1588 Lowijs ibid. Dorner, Lowys ibid. Dorner; 1589 Lowijs ibid. Burchgrave; 1591 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1593 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1596 Lodewijck ibid. Brun
Middle English
1406 Lowys EEW p. 13
Early Modern English
1543 Lewes WillsInv LXXXIX; 1547 Lewis ExMar 1b; 1551 Lewis StAnthonlin p. 8; 1556 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 28; 1557 Lewes ibid. p. 109; 1559 Lewes ibid. p. 3; 1560/1 Lewis RegSASel p. 7; 1561 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 31; 1562 Lewes BarnstapleBap p. 11, DEmar-vol1 p. 81; 1564 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 4; 1568 Lewes COmar-vol5 p. 126; 1569 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 38; 1578 Luis StAnthonlin p. 26; 1579 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 7; 1581 Lews ibid. p. 7; 1589 Lewis DEmar-vol2 p. 17; 1597 Lewes BUmar-vol9 p. 9, Lewis bruton-vol1 p. 56; 1598 Lewis DEmar-vol2 p. 37; 1599 Lewis ibid. p. 42
Estonia
Middle Low German
1364 Lodewich BbRT p. 334; 1400 Lodewich ibid. p. 342; 1404 Lodewich ibid. p. 343; 1407 Lodewich ibid. p. 344; 1416 Lodewich ibid. p. 348; 1427 Lodewich ibid. p. 351; 1434 Lodewych ibid. p. 357; 1435 Lodewich ibid. p. 358
1364 Ludike BbRT p. 334; 1379 Ludike ibid. p. 336; 1383 Ludike ibid. p. 336; 1384 Ludike ibid. p. 338; 1408 Ludike ibid. p. 345; 1416 Ludike ibid. p. 347; 1421 Loeuweke ibid. p. 349; 1425 Ludike ibid. p. 350; 1428 Ludeke ibid. p. 352; 1429 Ludeke ibid. p. 353; 1434 Lüdeke ibid. p. 357; 1435 Ludeke ibid. p. 357; 1436 Luedeke ibid. p. 358; 1524x1532 Ludika (gen) Saareste1923b p. 137, Ludyck (nom) Saareste1923a p. 138, Luto (nom) ibid. p. 103
France
Latin
693 Hludowico (abl) DCEL-2 Add. V; 825 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon V, Hludovico (abl) ibid. V; 832 Lodouico (abl) CartRed I; 833 Hlodouuici (gen) ibid. V; 834 Hlodouici (gen) ibid. II, Hlodouuici (gen) ibid. IV, Holodouuico (abl) ibid. III, Lodouici (gen) ibid. II, Lodouicus (nom) ibid. II; 854 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon VII; 862 Hludovici (gen) ibid. IX; c862 Hludovici (gen) ibid. VIII; 878 Hludovici (gen) ibid. XII, Hludovico (abl) ibid. XII, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. XII; 909 Ludovico (abl) St-Bernard-Romans no. 77; 1117 Ludovici (gen) CartStPC XI; 1121 Lodvico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 1, Ludovico (abl) ibid. 1; 1131 Lodovico (abl) ibid. 4, Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXIII, clairvaux-12thc 4; 1133 Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXI, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. CXI; 1135 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 6, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 6; 1137x1154 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 29; 1138 Ludovici (gen) CartNDdOurscamp LXXXIX, Ludovico (abl) ibid. LXXXIX; 1141 Lodoico (abl) CartNDSaintes VII, Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXXXI; 1143 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 10; 1145 Ludovici (gen) ibid. 11, Ludovico (abl) ibid. 11; 1146 Lodovico (abl) CartNDSaintes VIII; 1147 Ludovici (gen) clairvaux-12thc 14, Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXV, clairvaux-12thc 14; 1148 Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXIV; 1153 Lodovico (abl) ibid. IX; 1154 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 27; 1156 Ludovico (abl) CartYonne1 CCCLXXXII; 1157 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 32; 1158 Ludovico (abl) ibid. 33; 1160 Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXIV; 1163 Ludovicus (nom) clairvaux-12thc 101, Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 101; 1167 Lodovico (abl) CartNDSaintes X; 1171 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 139; 1175 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 162; 1256 Ludewico (abl) hennes-vol1 161; 1345 Ludowici (gen) CDEM-7.2 625, Ludowico (dat) ibid. 625, Ludowicum (acc) ibid. 625; 1378 Ludovici (gen) hanquetvol1 872, Ludovico (dat) ibid. 842, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 336, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 172
1378 Loysulus (nom) hanquetvol1 1381
Old French
1296 Looÿs paris1296 p. 36; 1301 Alous (nom) MemPic-vol17 p. 275, Alout (obl) ibid. p. 275; 1303 Looye (nom) ArchCambIII p. 151; 1313 Laoys Paris1313 p. 29, Loys ibid. p. 26; 1327 Loys MemDocMan-2 p. 176
1296 Loÿset paris1296 p. 29
Middle French
1388 Lois thierry; 1392 Loys MemBret-II col. 599; 1415[1469x1471] Loys Waurin p. 225; 1418 Loys HGParis p. 376; 1421 Louys favier, Loys ibid. 188; 1423 Loys ibid. 374; 1438 Loys ibid. 389; 1493 Loys MSR1838 p. 377; 1562 Loys RegPCC-1 p. 7; 1563 Loys ibid. p. 22; 1564 Loys ibid.; 1565 Loys ibid. p. 118; 1566 Loys ibid. p. 198; 1567 Loys ibid. p. 286; 1568 Loys ibid. p. 373; 1570 Loys ibid. p. 433; 1571 Loys ibid. p. 437; 1588 Louis raymond1588 p. 570
1418 Loyset HGParis p. 386; 1423 Loyset favier 247
Germany
Latin
814 Hludovicus (nom) quix-vol1 86, Hludowici (gen) ibid. 86; 815 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon III, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. III; 816 Hludovici (gen) ibid. IV, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. IV, Luduuuicus (nom) FRA-XXXL 9; 819 hludouuicus (nom) CartStBav 3; 825 Ludovicus (nom) InsMacon VI; 834 Hlodewici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 VIII, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. VIII, Hludowici (gen) ibid. VIII; 842 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. X, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. X, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. X, Hludowici (gen) quix-vol1 87, Hludowicus (nom) ibid. 87; 844 Ludowici (gen) ibid. 2; 855 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 3, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 3, Ludowicus (nom) FRA-XXXL 14; 857 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. 16; 858 Hludouuici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 XIV, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. XIV, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. XIV, Ludovico (abl) ibid. XIV; 864 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. XVI, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. XVI, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. XVI; 865 Ludovici (gen) ibid. XVII, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. XVII; 871 Hluodouici (gen) quix-vol1 45, Ludouicus (nom) ibid. 45, Ludouuici (gen) ibid. 45; 877 Ludovici (gen) ibid. 94, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 94, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 94; 888 Hluthuici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 XXII, Hluthuuici (gen) ibid. XXII; 891 Lodowicus (nom) ibid. XXIV; 902 Hlodewici (gen) quix-vol1 8, Hlodewicus (nom) ibid. 8, Lodewici (gen) ibid. 8; 910 Lodewici (gen) ibid. 9, Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 9; 1103 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 79; 1147 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 29; 1165 Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 93; 1180 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 34; 1197 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 2; 1207 Lodhevicus (nom) ibid. 8; 1210 Lodvico (abl) CDL-1.1.1 IV; 1212 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 12; 1214 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 15; 1215 Lodewicus (nom) quix-vol2 126; 1217 Ludewicus (nom) hennes-vol1 28; 1218 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 32; 1219 Ludewicum (acc) ibid. 41, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 41, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 36; 1221 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 57, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 55; 1222 Lodewicus (nom) quix-vol1 74; 1222? Ludewicum (acc) quix-vol2 133; 1225 Ludewicus (nom) hennes-vol1 68; 1231 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 86; 1234 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 89; 1245 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 121; 1248 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 129; 1249 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 131, Ludewico (abl) ibid. 131, Ludewicum (acc) ibid. 131, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 131; 1254 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 155; 1257 Lodewico (dat) quix-vol1 114; 1258 Lodowico (abl) hennes-vol1 185, Ludewico (abl) ibid. 172, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 176, Luduvicus (nom) ibid. 181; 1259 Lodewicus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI; 1260 Lodowicus (nom) hennes-vol1 191, Ludwicus (nom) ibid. 187; 1401 ludewico (dat) HD1401 no. 22, ludowico (dat) ibid. no. 87
1259 Ludeke (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI, Ludeko (nom) ibid. XXXI; 1305 Ludeke (nom) CDL-1.2.1 CXCIII
Middle High German
1293 Lodwich (nom) UrkWitt-II 187, Lodwigen (dat) ibid. 187, Lodwiges (gen) ibid. 189, Ludewich (nom) UrkHeil1 53, Ludewiges (gen) ibid. 53, Ludwiges UrkWitt-II 187, Lvdwich (nom) ibid. 187; 1322 Ludowich (nom) UrkHeil1 101; 1333 Ludowig (nom) ibid. 134; 1339 Ludwig (nom) ibid. 151
Early New High German
1419 Ludweig (nom) mairhofer DCCXI; 1420 Ludweigen (dat) ibid. DCCXV; 1497 Ludwig Nurn1497 35, Luͤdwig ibid. 195
Hungary
Latin
1351 Ludouicus (nom) CDH-IX-II I
Ireland
Early Modern English
1524 Lewis Fiants-1 7; 1526/7 Lewis ibid. 15
Italy
Latin
827 Hludouuici (gen) FRA-XXXL 11; 855 Ludouuici (gen) ibid. 15, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 15; 1226 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 70; 1245 Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 120; 1330 Luiduvicus (nom) UrkHeil1 120; 1488 Ludovico (abl) CID-3 XCIII; 1522x1532 Loysius (nom) DSF p. 52, 30, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 57, 25; 1527 Ludovici (gen) Rome1527 p. 83, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 87
Italian
1513x1521 Ludovico LeoX p. 14
Latvia
Latin
1289 Lodewico (dat) RigSB 19; 1290 Lodewico (dat) ibid. 223; 1319 Lodewici (gen) ibid. 380
1286 Ludekino (dat) RigSB 472; 1298 Ludiken (dat) ibid. 264
The Netherlands
Latin
1334 ludekinus (nom) GesOIJ-1 p. 300
Poland
Latin
1232 Ludowicus (nom) hennes-vol1 87; 1251 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 141
1251 Ludeko (nom) hennes-vol1 141
Spain
Latin
896 Leudevici (gen) CDCB-XV MMXX, Ludovigo (abl) ibid. MMXIX; 898 Ludevicho (abl) ibid. MMXXI; 899 Ludovico (abl) ibid. MMXXII; 1487 Lodovici (gen) carbonell-I p. 11, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 10; 1488 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 16, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 17; 1489 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 34, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 34; 1490 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 40, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 40; 1491 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 53, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 60
Catalan
1510 Aloy valencia1510 1719, Lois ibid. 4099, Luis ibid. 3154
Spanish
1540 Luis SanzSerrano; 1575 Luis Catalogo-5.2 3829; 1576 Luis ibid. 3886
Switzerland
Latin
1134 Ludovico (abl) CartHaut 1; 1154 Lodoico (abl) ibid. 5, Lodoicus (nom) ibid. 5; 1161 Ludoico (abl) ibid. 11; 1162 Lodoici (gen) ibid. 12; 1163 Lodoicus (nom) ibid. 13; 1165 Lodoico (abl) ibid. 16; 14thCx1478 Ludovicus (nom) Ob-SPVn (2)
Wales
Early Modern English
1594 Lewis RegLlantrithyd p. 62; 1595 Lewis ibid. p. 34
Welsh
1543 Lewis RegCon1 p. 3
Cite as: R. Le Get, J. Uckelman, S.L. Uckelman. "Louis". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Louis.