Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Louis m. Old High German hlūt, lūt, Old Saxon hlūd from Proto-Germanic *hlūdaz, *hlūþaz 'loud; famous, renowned' + Old Saxon, Old English wig, Old High German wīc 'war, battle'.

The name of several early kings of Frankish tribes, three 9th C kings of the Franks, two 9th C kings of Italy and Roman Emperors, two 13th C French saints, a 14th C Holy Roman Emperor, twelve medieval kings of France, a 14th C king of Hungary and Poland, and a 16th C king of Bohemia and Hungary.

Spelling variants using w are typical of English and Scots.

Austria
Latin
837 hludouuici (gen) UBEnns-1 VI; 859 Hludouuici (gen) UrkStyria 6, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. 6; 860 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. 7; 864 Loͮdewici (gen) ibid. 8, Loͮdewicus (nom) ibid. 8; 1093 Ludwich (nom) ibid. 87, Ludwici (gen) ibid. 87
Belgium
Latin
694 Ludouici (gen) CartStBav 2; 1212x1213 Lodvicus (nom) OvdFB 2; 1256 Ludovico (abl) OHZI-II no. 3
Dutch
1597x1598 Lodewyck BoonenGes p. 324, Lodewycx (gen) ibid. p. 343, Loycx (gen) ibid. p. 387, Loys ibid. p. 326
Old French
1262 Loeys (nom) OvdFB 5
Brabant
Latin
1312 Ludovicus (nom) JeanIII p. 11
Czech Republic
Latin
1345 Lvdovicvs (nom) CDEM-7.2 614
1350 Ludlinus (nom) Rössler1 53; 1356 Ludwicze (nom) chlumecky 169
England
Latin
1379 Lodewysus (nom) WRYPT1 p. 5
Dutch
1576 Ludovicus AuFr Cornelissen; 1577 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1578 Lowijs ibid. Capellen; 1582 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1583 Lodewijck ibid. Capelle; 1585 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1586 Lowijs ibid. Burchtgrave; 1588 Lowijs ibid. Dorner, Lowys ibid. Dorner; 1589 Lowijs ibid. Burchgrave; 1591 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1593 Lowijs ibid. Capelle; 1596 Lodewijck ibid. Brun
Middle English
1406 Lowys EEW p. 13
Early Modern English
1543 Lewes WillsInv LXXXIX; 1547 Lewis ExMar 1b; 1551 Lewis StAnthonlin p. 8; 1556 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 28; 1557 Lewes ibid. p. 109; 1559 Lewes ibid. p. 3; 1560/1 Lewis RegSASel p. 7; 1561 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 31; 1562 Lewes BarnstapleBap p. 11, DEmar-vol1 p. 81; 1564 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 4; 1568 Lewes COmar-vol5 p. 126; 1569 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 38; 1578 Luis StAnthonlin p. 26; 1579 Lewes bruton-vol1 p. 7; 1581 Lews ibid. p. 7; 1589 Lewis DEmar-vol2 p. 17; 1597 Lewes BUmar-vol9 p. 9, Lewis bruton-vol1 p. 56; 1598 Lewis DEmar-vol2 p. 37; 1599 Lewis ibid. p. 42
Walloon
1581 Louys RWC p. 3; 1582/3 Louys ibid. p. 5; 1583 Louys ibid. p. 437; 1590/1 Loys ibid. p. 441; 1590 Loys ibid. p. 441; 1591 Loys ibid. p. 563; 1593 Loys ibid. p. 564
Estonia
Middle Low German
1364 Lodewich BbRT p. 334; 1400 Lodewich ibid. p. 342; 1404 Lodewich ibid. p. 343; 1407 Lodewich ibid. p. 344; 1416 Lodewich ibid. p. 348; 1427 Lodewich ibid. p. 351; 1434 Lodewych ibid. p. 357; 1435 Lodewich ibid. p. 358
1364 Ludike BbRT p. 334; 1379 Ludike ibid. p. 336; 1383 Ludike ibid. p. 336; 1384 Ludike ibid. p. 338; 1408 Ludike ibid. p. 345; 1416 Ludike ibid. p. 347; 1421 Loeuweke ibid. p. 349; 1425 Ludike ibid. p. 350; 1428 Ludeke ibid. p. 352; 1429 Ludeke ibid. p. 353; 1434 Lüdeke ibid. p. 357; 1435 Ludeke ibid. p. 357; 1436 Luedeke ibid. p. 358; 1524x1532 Ludika (gen) Saareste1923b p. 137, Ludyck (nom) Saareste1923a p. 138, Luto (nom) ibid. p. 103
France
Latin
693 Hludowico (abl) DCEL-2 Add. V; 808 Hlodoici (gen) CartNoaille II, Hlodowih (nom) ibid. II; 825 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon V, Hludovico (abl) ibid. V; 832 Lodouico (abl) CartRed I; 833 Hlodouuici (gen) ibid. V, Holodouuico (abl) ibid. VIII; 833x834 Hlodouuici (gen) ibid. IX; 834 Hlodouici (gen) ibid. II, Hlodouuici (gen) ibid. IV, Holodouuico (abl) ibid. III, Lodouici (gen) ibid. II, Lodouicus (nom) ibid. II; 854 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon VII; 862 Hludovici (gen) ibid. IX; c862 Hludovici (gen) ibid. VIII; 878 Hludovici (gen) ibid. XII, Hludovico (abl) ibid. XII, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. XII; 909 Ludovico (abl) St-Bernard-Romans no. 77; 1117 Ludovici (gen) CartStPC XI; 1121 Lodvico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 1, Ludovico (abl) CartYonne1 CXXXII, clairvaux-12thc 1; 1123 Ludovico (abl) CartYonne1 CXXXV, Lugdovico (abl) ibid. CXXXIV; 1124 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. CXXXVII; 1131 Lodovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 4, Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXIII, clairvaux-12thc 4; 1133 Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXI, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. CXI; 1135 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 6, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 6; 1137x1154 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 29; 1138 Ludovici (gen) CartNDdOurscamp LXXXIX, Ludovico (abl) ibid. LXXXIX; 1141 Lodoico (abl) CartNDSaintes VII, Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXXXI; 1143 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 10; 1145 Ludovici (gen) ibid. 11, Ludovico (abl) ibid. 11; 1146 Lodovico (abl) CartNDSaintes VIII; 1147 Ludovici (gen) clairvaux-12thc 14, Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXV, clairvaux-12thc 14; 1148 Ludovico (abl) CartNDSaintes XXIV; 1153 Lodovico (abl) ibid. IX; 1154 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 27; 1156 Ludovico (abl) CartYonne1 CCCLXXXII; 1157 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 32; 1158 Ludovico (abl) ibid. 33; 1160 Ludovico (abl) CartNDdOurscamp CXIV; 1163 Ludovicus (nom) clairvaux-12thc 101, Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 101; 1167 Lodovico (abl) CartNDSaintes X; 1171 Ludovico (abl) clairvaux-12thc 139; 1175 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 162; 1256 Ludewico (abl) hennes-vol1 161, Ludovici (gen) OHZI-II no. 2; 1309 Ludovico (dat) HistHdVParis no. 1; 1345 Ludowici (gen) CDEM-7.2 625, Ludowico (dat) ibid. 625, Ludowicum (acc) ibid. 625; 1378 Ludovici (gen) hanquetvol1 872, Ludovico (dat) ibid. 842, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 336, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 172; 1454 Ludovicus (nom) MHCG2 223; 1465 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 232; 1471 Ludovico (abl) ibid. 235; 1480 Ludovico (dat) ibid. 245
1378 Loysulus (nom) hanquetvol1 1381
Old French
1292 Looys (obl) HistHdVParis p. 110; 1296 Looÿs paris1296 p. 36; 1301 Alous (nom) MemPic-vol17 p. 275, Alout (obl) ibid. p. 275; 1303 Looye (nom) ArchCambIII p. 151; 1313 Laoys Paris1313 p. 29, Loys ibid. p. 26; 1327 Loys MemDocMan-2 p. 176
1296 Loÿset paris1296 p. 29
Middle French
1358 Louis LeCoq p. 382; 1388 Lois thierry; 1392 Loys MemBret-II col. 599; 1415[1469x1471] Loys Waurin p. 225; 1418 Loys DdB1418 p. 200, HGParis p. 376; 1421 Louys favier, Loys ibid. 188; 1423 Loys ibid. 374; 1438 Loys ibid. 389; 1454 Loys MHCG2 223; 1466 Loys HistHdVParis no. 5; 1480 Loys ChartBB III; 1493 Loys MSR1838 p. 377; 1529 Loys HistHdVParis no. 7; 1562 Loys RegPCC-1 p. 7; 1563 Loys ibid. p. 22; 1564 Loys ibid.; 1565 Loys ibid. p. 118; 1566 Loys ibid. p. 198; 1567 Loys ibid. p. 286; 1568 Loys ibid. p. 373; 1570 Loys ibid. p. 433; 1571 Loys ibid. p. 437; 1572 Loys ibid. p. 505; 1587 Loys RTFProvins 153; 1588 Louis raymond1588 p. 570
1418 Loyset DdB1418 p. 212, HGParis p. 386; 1423 Loyset favier 247
Germany
Latin
814 Hludovicus (nom) quix-vol1 86, Hludowici (gen) ibid. 86; 815 Hludovici (gen) InsMacon III, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. III; 816 Hludovici (gen) ibid. IV, Hludovicus (nom) ibid. IV, Luduuuicus (nom) FRA-XXXL 9; 819 Loͮdewici (gen) UrkStyria 5, Loͮdewicus (nom) ibid. 5, hludouuicus (nom) CartStBav 3; 825 Ludovicus (nom) InsMacon VI; 834 Hlodewici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 VIII, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. VIII, Hludowici (gen) ibid. VIII; 842 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. X, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. X, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. X, Hludowici (gen) quix-vol1 87, Hludowicus (nom) ibid. 87; 844 Ludowici (gen) ibid. 2; 855 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 3, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 3, Ludowicus (nom) FRA-XXXL 14; 857 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. 16; 858 Hludouuici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 XIV, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. XIV, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. XIV, Ludovico (abl) ibid. XIV; 864 Hludouuici (gen) ibid. XVI, Hludouuico (abl) ibid. XVI, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. XVI; 865 Ludovici (gen) ibid. XVII, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. XVII; 871 Hluodouici (gen) quix-vol1 45, Ludouicus (nom) ibid. 45, Ludouuici (gen) ibid. 45; 877 Ludovici (gen) ibid. 94, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 94, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 94; 888 Hluthuici (gen) HambUrk-vol1 XXII, Hluthuuici (gen) ibid. XXII; 891 Lodowicus (nom) ibid. XXIV; 902 Hlodewici (gen) quix-vol1 8, Hlodewicus (nom) ibid. 8, Lodewici (gen) ibid. 8; 904 Hludouuici (gen) UrkStyria 13, Hludouuicus (nom) ibid. 13, Hludovuici (gen) ibid. 13; 910 Lodewici (gen) quix-vol1 9, Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 9; 1103 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 79; 1147 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 29; 1165 Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 93; 1180 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 34; 1197 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 2; 1207 Lodhevicus (nom) ibid. 8; 1210 Lodvico (abl) CDL-1.1.1 IV; 1212 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 12; 1214 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 15; 1215 Lodewicus (nom) quix-vol2 126; 1217 Ludewicus (nom) hennes-vol1 28; 1218 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 32; 1219 Ludewicum (acc) ibid. 41, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 41, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 36; 1221 Lodewicus (nom) ibid. 57, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 55; 1222 Lodewicus (nom) quix-vol1 74; 1222? Ludewicum (acc) quix-vol2 133; 1225 Ludewicus (nom) hennes-vol1 68; 1231 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 86; 1234 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 89; 1245 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 121; 1248 Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 129; 1249 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 131, Ludewico (abl) ibid. 131, Ludewicum (acc) ibid. 131, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 131; 1254 Ludewici (gen) ibid. 155; 1257 Lodewico (dat) quix-vol1 114; 1258 Lodowico (abl) hennes-vol1 185, Ludewico (abl) ibid. 172, Ludewicus (nom) ibid. 176, Luduvicus (nom) ibid. 181; 1259 Lodewicus (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI; 1260 Lodowicus (nom) hennes-vol1 191, Ludwicus (nom) ibid. 187; 1322 Lodewicus (nom) VFBStralsund 79; 1401 ludewico (dat) HD1401 no. 22, ludowico (dat) ibid. no. 87
1259 Ludeke (nom) CDL-1.1.1 XXXI, Ludeko (nom) ibid. XXXI; 1305 Ludeke (nom) CDL-1.2.1 CXCIII; 1313 Ludeke (nom) VFBStralsund 23; 1317 Ludekinum (acc) ibid. 54
Middle High German
1293 Lodwich (nom) UrkWitt-II 187, Lodwigen (dat) ibid. 187, Lodwiges (gen) ibid. 189, Ludewich (nom) UrkHeil1 53, Ludewiges (gen) ibid. 53, Ludwiges UrkWitt-II 187, Lvdwich (nom) ibid. 187; 1322 Ludowich (nom) UrkHeil1 101; 1333 Ludowig (nom) ibid. 134; 1339 Ludwig (nom) ibid. 151
Early New High German
1419 Ludweig (nom) mairhofer DCCXI; 1420 Ludweigen (dat) ibid. DCCXV; 1497 Ludwig Nurn1497 35, Luͤdwig ibid. 195
Hungary
Latin
1351 Ludouicus (nom) CDH-IX-II I
Ireland
Early Modern English
1524 Lewis Fiants-1 7; 1526/7 Lewis ibid. 15
Italy
Latin
827 Hludouuici (gen) FRA-XXXL 11; 855 Ludouuici (gen) ibid. 15, Ludowici (gen) ibid. 15; 1226 Ludovicus (nom) hennes-vol1 70; 1245 Ludowicus (nom) ibid. 120; 1330 Luiduvicus (nom) UrkHeil1 120; 1367 Ludwicus (nom) SMM p. 130; 1461 Ludovicus (nom) MHCG2 230; 1470 Loysio (abl) RCCaetani6 XXI-62, Loysius (nom) ibid. XXI-62; 1478 Loysi (nom) ibid. 2720, Ludovico (abl) ibid. 2720; 1488 Ludovico (abl) CID-3 XCIII; 1490 Ludovici (gen) VitAs2 I, Ludovico (abl) ibid. I; 1521 Ludovici (gen) ibid. III; 1522x1532 Loysius (nom) DSF p. 52, 30, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 57, 25; 1527 Ludovici (gen) Rome1527 p. 83, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 87
Italian
1513x1521 Ludovico LeoX p. 14
Latvia
Latin
1289 Lodewico (dat) RigSB 19; 1290 Lodewico (dat) ibid. 223; 1319 Lodewici (gen) ibid. 380
1286 Ludekino (dat) RigSB 472; 1298 Ludiken (dat) ibid. 264
The Netherlands
Latin
1334 ludekinus (nom) GesOIJ-1 p. 300
Middle Dutch
1383 Ludekens (gen) GesOIJ-4 p. 186
Poland
Latin
1232 Ludowicus (nom) hennes-vol1 87; 1251 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 141
1251 Ludeko (nom) hennes-vol1 141
Spain
Latin
896 Leudevici (gen) CDCB-XV MMXX, Ludovigo (abl) ibid. MMXIX; 898 Ludevicho (abl) ibid. MMXXI; 899 Ludovico (abl) ibid. MMXXII; 1487 Lodovici (gen) carbonell-I p. 11, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 10; 1488 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 16, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. p. 17; 1489 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 34, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 34; 1490 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 40, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 40; 1491 Lodovici (gen) ibid. p. 53, Lodovicus (nom) ibid. p. 60
Catalan
1510 Aloy valencia1510 1719, Lois ibid. 4099, Luis ibid. 3154
Spanish
1540 Luis SanzSerrano; 1575 Luis Catalogo-5.2 3829; 1576 Luis ibid. 3886
Sweden
Old Swedish
1419 Lydeke (nom) SDHK no. 19230
Switzerland
Latin
1134 Ludovico (abl) CartHaut 1; 1154 Lodoico (abl) ibid. 5, Lodoicus (nom) ibid. 5; 1161 Ludoico (abl) ibid. 11; 1162 Lodoici (gen) ibid. 12; 1163 Lodoicus (nom) ibid. 13; 1165 Lodoico (abl) ibid. 16; 14thCx1478 Ludovicus (nom) Ob-SPVn (2); 1436 Ludovici (gen) MHCG2 209, Ludovico (abl) ibid. 209, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 209; 1460 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 229; 1466 Ludovici (gen) ibid. 233, Ludovico (dat) ibid. 233, Ludovicum (acc) ibid. 233, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 233; 1475 Ludovico (dat) ibid. 239, Ludovicum (acc) ibid. 239, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 239; 1476 Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 242; 1478 Ludovicum (acc) ibid. 244, Ludovicus (nom) ibid. 244
Middle French
1460 Loys MHCG2 229
Early New High German
1451 Ludwig (nom) MHCG2 220
Wales
Early Modern English
1594 Lewis RegLlantrithyd p. 62; 1595 Lewis ibid. p. 34
Welsh
1543 Lewis RegCon1 p. 3
Cite as: R. Le Get, J. Uckelman, S.L. Uckelman. "Louis". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2018, no. 1. http://dmnes.org/2018/1/name/Louis.