Dictionary of Medieval Names
from European Sources

Anthony m. Latin Antonius, a Roman gens. The gens may itself be of Etruscan origin.

The name of a a 4th C Egyptian saint, a 4th C Roman martyr, a 6th C Roman saint, an 11th C Kievan saint, a 12th C Russian saint, a 13th C Italian saint, a 15th C Italian saint, a 16th C claimant to the throne of Portugal, and a 16th C king of Navarre.

The 4th C Saint Anthony was the namesake of a number of medieval orders, including the legendary Ethiopian Order of Saint Anthony, founded by Prester John in the 4th C, the Hospital Brothers of Saint Anthony, founded in the late 11th C, and the Bavarian Order of Saint Anthony, founded in the late 14th C.

England
Latin
1340xc1450 Antonius (nom) CovGuild-1 p. 9; 1530 Anthonio (dat) LIWill-III p. 32; 1530/31 Antonio (abl) ibid. p. 95; 1554 Antonius (nom) StMartF p. 58; 1575 Anthonius (nom) Chst-1 p. 12
Dutch
1574 Anthonis AuFr Ashe; 1576 Anthonij ibid. Boels, Anthonis ibid. Gheenen; 1577 Anthony ibid. Boel; 1579 Antonius ibid. Geenen; 1581 Antonie ibid. Geenen; 1583 Anthony ibid. Gheenen; 1586 Anthonij ibid. Colve, Anthony ibid. Caliau; 1587 Anthonis ibid. Geenen, Anthony ibid. Boels; 1589 Anthenius ibid. Cornelissz, Anthoine ibid. Allnyt, Anthonijs ibid. Clerck, Anthony ibid. Baele; 1590 Anthony ibid. Caliou; 1591 Anthenis ibid. Clerck, Anthony ibid. Geene; 1593 Anthonis ibid. Clerck; 1595 Antonius ibid. Bulcke; 1598 Antony ibid. Alget
Early Modern English
1529 Anthony PP-HenV p. 7; 1530 Anthony LIWill-III p. 41, PP-HenV p. 15; 1532–1533 Antony CovGuild-2 p. 118; 1533 Antene WillsInv LXXXIII, Anthone ibid. LXXXIII, Antone ibid. LXXXIII, Antonye ibid. LXXXIII; 1539 Antonius ibid. LXXXV; 1540 Anthonie StAnthonlin p. 2; 1542/3 Antony SIAcc 3; 1543 Antony BarnstapleBap p. 3; 1546 Antony ibid. p. 5; 1551 Antony ibid. p. 7; 1552 Antony ibid. p. 7; 1555 Anthony bruton-vol1 p. 2; 1556/57 Anthonye PRThirsk p. 2; 1557 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 12, Antonye BarnstapleBap p. 9; 1558 Anthony SaxhamSf p. 130, bruton-vol1 p. 29; 1558–9 Anthony StMary-Ke p. 3; 1559 Anthony BUmar-vol9 p. 2, StAnthonlin p. 13; 1560 Anthonie bruton-vol1 p. 110, Anthony DU-DSMMar, Antony BarnstapleBap p. 10; 1561 Antony ibid. p. 11; 1562 Anthonie ibid. p. 11, OrpingtonKe p. 1, Anthony BarnstapleBap p. 12, Antonye ibid. p. 12; 1564 Anthony ibid. p. 13, StAnthonlin p. 17, Antonye COmar-vol5 p. 83; 1565 Anthonie StMaryA p. 4; 1566/7 Anthony RegBisham p. 2; 1566 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 18, bruton-vol1 p. 35, Antoni BUmar-vol2 p. 116; 1567 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 19; 1568 Anthony ibid. p. 19; 1569 Anthony ibid. p. 20; 1571 Anthony ibid. p. 21; 1572 Anthony COmar-vol5 p. 4; 1572/3 Anthony RegBisham p. 3; 1572 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 22; 1573 Anthony BEmar-vol1 p. 9; 1574 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 24; 1575 Anthony BEmar-vol1 p. 9, Anthonye ibid. p.9; 1576 Anthonie OrpingtonKe p. 4; 1578 Anthony BUmar-vol9 p. 6; 1579 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 27; 1580 Anthonye MemStGiles p. 11; 1581/2 Antonye HAmar-vol9 p. 50; 1582 Anthonie ibid. p. 68, Anthony BUmar-vol1 p. 26, Anthonye BEmar-vol2 p. 3; 1583 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 30; 1584 Anthony DEmar-vol2 p. 10, StAnthonlin p. 31; 1585 Anthony DEmar-vol2 p. 11; 1586 Anthony StAnthonlin p. 32; 1587 Anthony bruton-vol1 p. 8; 1588 Anthony CAmar-vol1 p. 4, StAnthonlin p. 33; 1589 Anthony BEmar-vol2 p. 54, BUmar-vol9 p. 7, DEmar-vol2 p. 17; 1590 Anthony ibid. p. 22; 1591 Anthony BEmar-vol1 p. 14, COmar-vol2 p. 49, DEmar-vol2 p. 23; 1592 Anthony ibid. p. 24, StAnthonlin p. 35; 1593 Anthony BUmar-vol9 p. 8, DEmar-vol2 p. 26, StAnthonlin p. 36; 1594 Anthony ibid. p. 37, Anthonye BEmar-vol2 p. 131, SaxhamSf p. 40; 1595 Anthonie ibid. p. 5, Anthony DEmar-vol2 p. 31, HAmar-vol9 p. 116, SaxhamSf p. 5; 1596 Anthony DEmar-vol2 p. 34; 1597 Anthony BUmar-vol2 p. 141; 1598 Anthony DEmar-vol2 p. 37; 1599 Anthony ibid. p. 40
Estonia
Middle Low German
1435 Tones BbRT p. 357; 1524x1532 Thonnys (nom) Saareste1923b p. 137, Thonyes (nom) ibid. p. 145, Thonys (nom) Saareste1923a p. 102; 1592 Hant Tiik1977 p. 285, Tonnies ibid. p. 286, Tonnis ibid. p. 285
Early Modern Swedish
1564 Tönies (nom) Hiiumaa p. 154; 1565 Thonius (nom) ibid. p. 139; 1576 Thonnis (nom) ibid. p. 154; 1592 Tonnis (nom) ibid. p. 44
France
Latin
1376 Anthonius (nom) St-Bernard-Romans 383, Antonius (nom) ibid. 383; 1378 Anthonio (dat) hanquetvol1 no. 91, Antonio (dat) ibid. 1697
814 Antoninus (nom) StVdM-II A5; c1050 Antonino (abl) ibid. 696
Old French
1313 Anthoine Paris1313 p. 31
1313 Thonin Paris1313 p. 91
Middle French
1392 Anthoine MemBret-II col. 612, Antoine ibid. col. 612; 1415[1469x1471] Anthoine Waurin p. 224; 1418 Anthoine HGParis p. 373; 1421 Anthoine favier 380; 1423 Anthoine ibid. 106; 1438 Anthoine ibid. 372; 1493 Anthoine MSR1838 p. 375; 1563 Anthoine RegPCC-1 p. 19, Anthoyne ibid. p. 24; 1564 Anthoyne ibid. p. 87, Antoyne ibid. p. 65; 1565 Anthoine ibid. p. 139, Anthoyne ibid. p. 150, Antoine ibid. p. 180; 1566 Anthoine ibid. p. 208; 1567 Anthoine ibid. p. 285; 1568 Anthoyne ibid. p. 388; 1570 Anthoyne ibid. p. 425; 1571 Anthoyne ibid. p. 442; 1588 Antoine raymond1588 p. 567; 1589 Antoine ibid. p. 572
1392 Antonin MemBret-II col. 612
Germany
Latin
882 Antonius (nom) quix-vol1 96
Early New High German
1419 Anthoni (nom) mairhofer DCCXIII, Anthony (nom) ibid. DCCXII; 1429 Anthoni (nom) ibid. DCCXXXI; 1497 Antoni Nurn1497 p. 2
Ireland
Early Modern English
1532/3 Anthony Fiants-1 33
Italy
Latin
1265x1339 Antonii (gen) BBC-Berg 109; 1272 Antonius (nom) ibid. p. XLII; 1288 Antonius (nom) ibid. p. XLIV; 1290 Antonius (nom) ibid. p. XLIV; 1301 Antonius (nom) ActDipVeneto-I-1 p. 51; 1326 Antonii (gen) Friuli-14thC no. 426; 1348 Antonio (dat) INP 22, Antonium (acc) ibid. 27, Antonius (nom) ibid. 22; 1376 Anthonii (gen) DouGen1 p. 215, Anthonio (abl) ibid. p. 16, Anthonius (nom) ibid. p. 214; 1401 Antonij (gen) SDHK no. 15739, Antonium (acc) ibid. no. 15739, Antonius (nom) ibid. no. 15739; 1460 Antonius (nom) ibid. no. 42126; 1464 Antonius (nom) CUP-III-I CCXXXI; 1522x1532 Antonii (gen) DSF p. 51, 21, Antonius (nom) ibid. p. 50, 1; 1527 Antonii (gen) Rome1527 p. 87, Antonij (gen) ibid. p. 89, Antonius (nom) ibid. p. 83
1326 Antoniolo (abl) Friuli-14thC no. 437; 1376 Anthonioto (abl) DouGen1 p. 31, Anthoniotus (nom) ibid. p. 234; 1464 Antonelus (nom) CUP-III-I CCXXXI; 1522x1532 Antonello (nom) DSF p. 52, 32, Antonellus (nom) ibid. p. 50, 1
Italian
1401 Antonio SDHK no. 15739; 1513x1521 Antonio LeoX p. 11
Latvia
Middle Low German
1523 Tonnis Arbusow p. 100; 1524 Tonnis ibid. p. 99; 1540 Tonnis ibid. p. 98; 1561 Tonnis Arbuzov1920 p. 46; 1572 Tonnis ibid. p. 46; 1573 Tonnis ibid. p. 47
Malta
Latin
1465 Antonius (nom) Gozo1465 p. 153
The Netherlands
Latin
1596 Antonius (nom) NHG-Middelburg p. 40
Dutch
1560 Antheunisse MagMiddelburg-1560; 1561 Antheunisse ibid.; 1562 Antheunisse ibid.; 1563 Antheunisse ibid.; 1567 Antheunisse ibid.; 1569 Anthonis ibid.; 1570 Anthony ibid.; 1573 Anthonys ibid.; 1574 Anthony ibid.; 1575 Antheunis ibid.
Spain
Latin
1487 Antonius (nom) carbonell-I p. 10; 1488 Antonii (gen) ibid. p. 22, Antonius (nom) ibid. p. 21; 1489 Antonii (gen) ibid. p. 32, Antonium (acc) ibid. p. 29; 1490 Antonii (gen) ibid. p. 41, Antonius (nom) ibid. p. 42; 1491 Antonii (gen) ibid. p. 58; 1492 Antonii (gen) ibid. p. 66
Catalan
1510 Anthon valencia1510 483, Anthoni ibid. 3157
Spanish
1495 Anthon montalvo; 1540 Antonio SanzSerrano; 1567 Antonio ibid., Antonyo ibid.; 1575 Anton Catalogo-5.2 3840, Antonio ibid. 3796; 1576 Anton ibid. 3901, Antonio ibid. 3873
Switzerland
Latin
14thCx1478 Anthonii (gen) Ob-SPVn (166), Anthonium (acc) ibid. (80), Anthonius (nom) ibid. (18); 1466 Anthonii (gen) ibid. (79)
14thCx1478 Anthonodi (gen) Ob-SPVn (229)
Wales
Early Modern English
1583 Anthoin RegLlantrithyd p. 33; 1598 Anthoni ibid. p. 62, Anthonie ibid. p. 35, Anthony ibid. p. 1; 1599 Anthoni ibid. p. 1
Cite as: G. Grim, R. Le Get, J. Uckelman, S.L. Uckelman. "Anthony". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2016, no. 4. http://dmnes.org/2016/4/name/Anthony.